Abel Crawford was the first to settle in what was then known as the White Mountain Notch, in about 1793.
Eleazar Rosebrook, his father-in-law, soon followed andAbel moved 12 miles south to Hart's Location, at the
Bartlett end of the Notch. His son, Ethan Allen Crawford, inherited the Rosebrook farm at the time of Rosebrook's
death in 1817.
Both Rosebrook and Abel Crawford provided shelter and accommodations for early travelers in the Notch. Early
travel journals discuss the accommodations. Ethan continued taking in travelers. In 1819, he started guiding
visitors up Mt. Washington and built the first path up themountain. Ethan and his father, together built the Notch
House (pictured at the top of this page) in 1828, andEthan's brother Tom was installed as the manager. The
Crawford family, at that point, become the first of the hotelchain owners, with three taverns along the twelve miles of
All three Crawfords were instrumental in the construction ofthe roads through the Notch. Their journals and day books,
just now coming to light, are full of references to work on the Cherry Mountain Road, the Tenth New Hampshire Turnpike,
the Littleton Turnpike and the Jefferson Turnpike In addition to actually building portions of these roads, each also owned
stock and participated in managing these roads.
As mentioned earlier, their efforts did not bring financial security. Ethan was jailed for debt and lost his property.
Abel's large farm and Mt. Crawford Tavern were foreclosed on a few years after his death.
The story of this family, and their contribution to the White
Mountains will be told in more detail shortly